Today's Labor History
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Group of workers in San Francisco found the Mechanics' League to fight against competition from convict labor. - 1861
After organizing a strike of metal miners against the Anaconda Company, Wobblie organizer Frank Little (above, left) is dragged by six masked men from his Butte, Mont. hotel room and hung from the Milwaukee Railroad trestle. Years later writer Dashiell Hammett would recall his early days as a Pinkerton detective agency operative and recount how a mine company representative offered him $5,000 to kill Little. Hammett says he quit the business that night - 1917
Sid Hatfield (above, right), police chief of Matewan, W. Va., a longtime supporter of the United Mine Workers union, is murdered by company goons. This soon led to the Battle of Blair Mountain, a labor uprising also referred to as the Red Neck War - 1921
Police in Hilo, Hawaii open fire on 200 demonstrators supporting striking waterfront workers. The attack became known as "the Hilo Massacre" (above, middle) - 1938
The American Federation of Musicians begins a strike against the major American recording companies in a fight over royalty payments. Decca records settled with the union after one year, followed shortly by Capitol Records, while Victor and Columbia held out for another year before agreeing to the union’s terms. The strike did not affect musicians performing on live radio shows or in concerts. 1942
A 17-day, company-instigated wildcat strike in Philadelphia tries to bar eight African-American trolley operators from working. Transport Workers Union members stay on the job in support of the men - 1944
Government & Civic Employees Organizing Committee merges into State, County & Municipal Employees - 1956
Window Glass Cutters League of America merges with Glass Bottle Blowers - 1975
Ten-month strike against Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel wins agreement guaranteeingdefined-benefit pensions for 4,500 Steelworkers - 1997
(In this expanded edition of Strike! you can read about labor-management conflicts that have occurred over the past 140 years. Here you’ll learn much about workers’ struggle to win a degree of justice, from the workers’ point of view. The author also examines the ever-shifting roles and configurations of unions, from the Knights of Labor of the 1800s to the AFL-CIO of the 1990s. A new chapter, “Beyond One-Sided Class War,” looks at how modern protest movements, such as the Battle of Seattle and Occupy Wall Street, were ignited and considers the similarities between these challenges to authority and those of labor’s past.)
California School Employees Association affiliates with AFL-CIO - 2001
Compiled/edited by Union Communication Services
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