Here’s today’s labor history:
On this date in 1905, a conference of 23 industrial unionists in Chicago led to the formation of the IWW, the Industrial Workers of the World, also known as Wobblies.
In 1920, at the height of the post–World War I era red scare, Attorney General Mitchell Palmer launched what became known as the Palmer Raids. Although the targets were 4,000 foreign-born radicals, many of them labor organizers, the raids came to be seen as a threat to the civil rights and liberties of all Americans.
In 2006, an underground explosion at the Sago Mine in Tallmansville, West Virginia, trapped 12 miners and cut power to the mine. Eleven men died, mostly by asphyxiation. The mine had been cited hundreds of times for safety violations over the prior two years.
Today’s labor quote is by Cesar Chavez:
“When a man or woman, young, or old, takes a place on the picket line for even a day or two, he will never be the same again.”