Here’s today’s labor history:
On this date in 1890, Wobblie organizer Elizabeth Gurley Flynn was born.
In 1894, Eugene Debs and three other trade unionists were arrested after the Pullman Strike.
In 1919, Actors Equity was recognized by producers after stagehands honored their picket lines, shutting down almost every professional stage production in the country. Before unionizing, it was common practice for actors to pay for their own costumes, rehearse long hours without pay, and be fired without notice.
In 1983, some 675,000 employees struck ATT over wages, job security, pension plan changes and better health insurance. It was the last time CWA negotiated at one table for all its Bell System members: divestiture came a few months later. The strike was won after 22 days.
And in 1988, television writers, members of The Writers Guild of America, ended a 22-week strike with a compromise settlement.
Today’s labor quote is by Elizabeth Gurley Flynn:
“What is a labour victory? I maintain that it is a twofold thing. Workers must gain economic advantage, but they must also gain revolutionary spirit, in order to achieve a complete victory. For workers to gain a few cents more a day, a few minutes less a day, and go back to work with the same psychology, the same attitude toward society is to achieve a temporary gain and not a lasting victory.”